So what exactly is a ? A concussion is an injury to the brain that occurs because of a blow to the head, or because a fall or blow to another part of the body causes rapid back-and-forth movement of the head. When a concussion occurs, the athlete may experience symptoms, such as headache, dizziness, blurred vision, memory lapses or loss, alterations in judgment or decision-making or changes in coordination. It is important to know that loss of consciousness frequently does not accompany a concussion. Concussions can be difficult to identify because of vague symptoms. Thus, after a suspected injury, the athlete should undergo an evaluation by a trained individual. Concussions are difficult to treat; rest is usually the best remedy. The symptoms of a concussion can last for several days and even weeks or months. Repeated concussions can have greater effects on the trauma to the brain and require even longer recovery times. Long-term effects of concussions can include attention deficits, as well as symptoms of other nerve and brain damage.
Michele Crissman, J.D., MS, RN, CMA (AAMA), is the program chair of Health Sciences and Criminal Justice at CTU’s Sioux Falls campus, as well as university dean of Allied Health. She has worked in the health care industry for 24 years as a registered nurse, and manager/director at departmental and executive management levels. Crissman also briefly held positions as a law clerk and magistrate judge.